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The minimum age for participants in an eni FIM Superbike World Championship race is 18. For the FIM Supersport World Championship it is 16. The maximum age for both categories is 50. In 2015 the minimum age for riders participating in the FIM Superstock 1000 Cup is 16 while the maximum age is 28 (they can be up to 2 years older than in the past). The minimum age for the FIM Europe Superstock 600 European Championship is 15 and the maximum age is 24.
A meeting of sporting or technical character, generally called by Race Direction, involving riders and/or team managers.
The person responsible for ensuring that the circuit is properly prepared for the race and that all the marshals are at their posts.
DORNA WSBK Organization
Since from 2013, the Company that organise and promote the eni FIM Superbike World Championship.
Registration for a race. An "Entry List" is published before each race and lists all the riders who have registered to take part, together with the names of their teams, and the type of motorcycle they will be riding.
FIM or F.I.M.
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (International Motorcycling Federation), the coordinating body for international motorcycle racing.
The persons responsible for enforcing the Rules, and for reporting infringements to the Race Direction.
Practice sessions in which lap times do not count towards determining starting grid positions.
A jury made up of a President and two Members appointed by the FIM, plus other delegates (the Delegate appointed by DWO, the Race Director, the Technical Director, the Medical Director, the Clerk of the Course, the FIM Safety Officer),responsible for ensuring that the race is run according to the Rules, and for reporting any infringements to the Race Direction. The jury decides issues by voting, with each member having one vote.
Occurs when a rider starts before the starting lights change. Incurs a penalty.
The document drawn up by the timing personnel at the end of the race, showing the positions of each rider at the end of each lap.
Used to signal the start of the race. Lights are also installed at the exit from the pit lane to tell riders whether it is safe to re-enter the circuit or not.
The persons responsible for signalling to the riders, by means of special flags, and also for assisting them if they come off the track.
An event that is characteristic of the eni FIM Superbike World Championship (and almost unique to it in top level motorcycle racing). On the Thursday before the race, spectators are allowed free access to the paddock, where riders hold Q&A and autograph sessions, as well as taking part in extra-racing activities.
The area behind the pits where the various teams park their motor homes and trucks.
The area in the paddock dedicated to riders’ on-stage attendance, events and entertaining activities, from Thursday to Sunday, all open to the public, as per the typical proximity feeling that WorldSBK fans can experience with their heroes.
The lane that runs alongside a part of the circuit and where the point from which the riders first take to the track is located. Teams occupy the pit lane garages on the internal side of this lane to work on their bikes.
Entry to the pit lane. A privilege restricted to pass holders, who are permitted to visit the pit lane at times when the riders are not busy with practice or racing.
The first position on the starting grid.
The means by which a team can contest the result achieved by a rider from a rival team, generally on the basis of technical or sporting considerations.
Practice session in which lap times count towards determining starting grid positions. Riders are placed according to their fastest lap time. To participate in the race, riders must record one lap no more than 107% of the time recorded by the fastest rider in the same session.
The managerial body of a race, made up of one representative of the FIM, one representative of Dorna WSBK. It is the responsibility of Race Direction to penalise teams or riders if they infringe the rules; to penalise the race organisers if they fail to ensure proper and efficient organisation for the event; also to hear appeals against penalties imposed for infringements of the Rules.
The person responsible for ensuring that the Rules are respected, and for ensuring that practice sessions and the race itself run smoothly.
The eni FIM Superbike World Championship is split up into various classes in order to encourage fierce competition between a selection of manufacturers and riders of various age groups. However, the overall concept has been the same since the inauguration of WorldSBK in 1988: competitors racing production-based machines that fans can easily relate to their road models.
World Superbike
The top level World Superbike class features production-based racing Superbikes. In comparison with the standard road models, a Superbike is allowed modifications to exhausts, engine management, suspension, brakes and some engine parts. Bikes must weight a minimum of 168kg, with power ranging between 750cc and 1200cc depending on the number of cylinders in the engine. With technical rules changes in place for 2015, tuning of the bikes is now more limited.
World Supersport
The World Supersport class features mid-range Supersport machines. These bikes are smaller, lighter and less powerful than their Superbike counterparts and fewer modifications are allowed. Engine power ranges from 400cc to 750cc, depending on the number of cylinders. The Supersport class produces some amazing on-track battles and is vitally important to manufacturers too.
Superstock 1000
The Superstock 1000 class features bikes engineered with nearly 100% stock components as one would find on standard models, meaning they are as close as possible to everyday road bikes. The class is fiercely contested by ambitious, younger racers – with an age limit of 28 years. Only one type of grooved tyre is permitted and this same tyre can be bought for a road bike.
Superstock 600
Just as Superstock 1000 is the little brother of World Superbike, Superstock 600 is the younger sibling of World Supersport. The Championship offers up-and-coming talent a chance to make it on the world stage, with a maximum age limit of just 24. The riders are racing 600cc machinery.
European Junior Cup
In the European Junior Cup, all of the riders compete on identical Honda CBR650F machinery. This Cup features the youngest riders to be found in the paddock, with a minimum age for riders of 14 and maximums of 21 for males and 23 for females. The series aims to provide a fun and affordable start to riders’ professional careers, with an opportunity to learn world-class circuits.
An enforced ride through the pit lane at a reduced speed during a race. Used as a penalty for riders who infringe the rules. Riding through the pit lane at a reduced speed (60 km/h) greatly increases lap time compared to a normal track lap.
The lap that riders complete from the pit lane to the starting grid to get their position before the race start.
Since 2004, the World Superbike Championship has been run with only one tyre supplier. This decision was made to achieve a dramatic drop in costs and guarantee a specific product development.
The grid on which riders have to line up to start the race. In the Superbike World Championship, the starting grid is made up of 3 riders per row. The riders in each row are arranged at intervals, with the fastest in front. Each row is separated by a gap of 9 metres. Positions on the starting grid, determined in qualifying practice and in the Tissot-Superpole session, remain valid for both races in an Round.
Checks performed on the bikes to ensure that they comply with Technical Rules.
The person responsible for ensuring that all participants observe the Technical Rules; also supervises technical inspections and decides on technical protests.
Test restriction period for both the eni FIM Superbike World Championship and the FIM Supersport World Championship teams and riders from 21st December until 4th January (both dates inclusive).
The top 20 riders classified after the Free Practice 1, 2 and 3 sessions will take part in Tissot-Superpole. The ten fastest riders will be seeded directly into Superpole 2 while the riders classified 11th to 20th will take part in Superpole 1. The fastest two riders in Superpole 1 will progress to Superpole 2, making a total of 12 riders competing for the first 12 grid positions. Both Superpole sessions will run for 15 minutes each and there is a break of 10 minutes in between Superpole 1 and Superpole 2.
The test session held in the morning of the race day to ensure that bikes are set up ready for the race itself.
The lap that riders complete before returning to their positions on the starting grid ready for the actual start of the race.
Rider permitted to take part in a specific championship race meeting. Each Event host Federation may nominate 4 wildcard entries for WSBK and WSS and 2 entries for the STK classes. DWO can nominate further “one event” riders.