Glossary

AGE
The minimum age for participants in an eni FIM Superbike World Championship race is 18. For the FIM Supersport World Championship it is 16. 2014 licenses for Superstock 1000 FIM Cup riders are issued to riders born between 1st January 1988 and 29th March 1998. For UEM Superstock 600 European Championship licenses are issued to riders born not before the 1st January 1992 and not after the 29th March 1999.
BRIEFING
A meeting of sporting or technical character, generally called by Race Direction, involving riders and/or team managers.
CLERK OF THE COURSE
The person responsible for ensuring that the circuit is properly prepared for the race and that all the marshals are at their posts.
DORNA WSBK Organization
Since from 2013, the Company that organise and promote the eni FIM Superbike World Championship.
ENTRY
Registration for a race. An "Entry List" is published before each race and lists all the riders who have registered to take part, together with the names of their teams, and the type of motorcycle they will be riding.
EVO
New motorcycling class competing in the World Superbike series, with dedicated standings within the overall SBK rider points table. EVO machines feature SBK chassis and STK engine and are subject to other restrictions, such as in the electronics.
FIM or F.I.M.
The International Motorcycling Federation, the coordinating body for international motorcycle racing.
FIM STEWARD
The persons responsible for enforcing the Rules, and for reporting infringements to the Race Direction.
FREE PRACTICE
Practice sessions in which lap times do not count towards determining starting grid positions.
INTERNATIONAL JURY
A jury made up of a president and two members, plus other delegates (the Race Director, Technical Director, etc.), responsible for ensuring that the race is run according to the Rules, and for reporting any infringements to the Race Direction. The jury decides issues by voting, with each member having one vote.
JUMP-START
Occurs when a rider starts before the starting lights change. Incurs a penalty.
LAP CHART
The document drawn up by the timing personnel at the end of the race, showing the positions of each rider at the end of each lap.
LIGHTS
Used to signal the start of the race. Lights are also installed at the exit from the pit lane to tell riders whether it is safe to re-enter the circuit or not.
MARSHALS
The persons responsible for signalling to the riders, by means of special flags, and also for assisting them if they come off the track.
OPEN PADDOCK
An event that is characteristic of the eni FIM Superbike World Championship (and almost unique to it in top level motorcycle racing). On the Thursday before the race, the public are allowed free access to the paddock, where riders hold Q&A and autograph sessions.
PADDOCK
The area behind the pits where the various teams park their motor homes and trucks.
PADDOCK SHOW
The area in the paddock dedicated to the on stage events and activities, as well as home to the Thursday Media Event and weekend press conferences. All open to the public.
PIT LANE
The lane that runs alongside the circuit and that teams occupy to work on their bikes; also the point from which the riders first take to the track.
PIT WALK
Entry to the pit lane. A privilege restricted to pass holders, who are permitted to visit the pit lane at times when the riders are not busy with practice or racing.
POLE POSITION
The first position on the starting grid.
PROTEST
The means by which a team can contest the result achieved by a rider from a rival team, generally on the basis of technical or sporting considerations.
QUALIFYING PRACTICE
Practice session in which lap times count towards determining starting grid positions. Riders are placed according to their fastest lap time. To participate in the race, riders must record one lap no more than 107% of the pole position lap time.
RACE DIRECTION
The managerial body of a race, made up of one representative of the FIM, one representative of Dorna WSBK. It is the responsibility of Race Direction to penalise teams or riders if they infringe the rules; to penalise the race organisers if they fail to ensure proper and efficient organisation for the event; also to hear appeals against penalties imposed for infringements of the Rules.
RACE DIRECTOR
The person responsible for ensuring that the Rules are respected, and for ensuring that practice sessions and the race itself run smoothly.
RIDE THROUGH
An enforced ride through the pit lane at a reduced speed during a race. Used as a penalty for riders who infringe the rules. Riding through the pit lane at a reduced speed (60 km/h) greatly increases lap time compared to a normal track lap.
SIGHTING LAP
The lap that riders complete from the pit lane to the starting grid to get their position before the race start.
SINGLE TYRE SUPPLIER
Since 2004, the World Superbike Championship has been run with only one tyre supplier. This decision was made to achieve a dramatic drop in costs and guarantee a specific product development.
STARTING GRID
The grid on which riders have to line up to start the race. In the Superbike World Championship, the starting grid is made up of 3 riders per row. The riders in each row are arranged at intervals, with the fastest in front. Each row is separated by a gap of 9 metres. Positions on the starting grid, determined in qualifying practice and in the Tissot-Superpole session, remain valid for both races in an Round.
TECHNICAL CHECKS
Checks performed on the bikes to ensure that they comply with Technical Rules.
TECHNICAL DIRECTOR
The person responsible for ensuring that all participants observe the Technical Rules; also supervises technical inspections and decides on technical protests.
TISSOT-SUPERPOLE - New procedure
The top 20 riders classified after the Free Practice 1, 2 and 3 sessions will take part in Tissot-Superpole. The ten fastest riders will be seeded directly into to Superpole 2 while the riders classified 11th to 20th will take part in Superpole 1. The fastest two riders in Superpole 1 will progress to Superpole 2, making a total of 12 riders competing for the first 12 grid positions. Both Superpole sessions will run for 15 minutes each. There will be a break of 10 minutes in between Superpole 1 and Superpole 2.
WARM UP
The test session held in the morning of the race day to ensure that bikes are set up ready for the race itself.
WARM UP LAP
The lap that riders complete before returning to their positions on the starting grid ready for the actual start of the race.
WILD CARD
Riders permitted to take part in a specific championship race meeting. The host federation may nominate up to four wildcard riders, and the FIM another two.
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