Glossary

  • AGE
  • The minimum age for participants in a Motul FIM Superbike World Championship race is 18. For the FIM Supersport World Championship it is 16. The maximum age for both categories is 50. The minimum age for riders participating in the European Superstock 1000 Championship is 16 while the maximum age is 28 (they can be up to 2 years older than in the past). For the - new to 2017 - FIM Supersport 300 World Championship, the minimum age to participate is 15.
  • BRIEFING
  • A meeting of sporting or technical character, generally called by Race Direction, involving riders and/or team managers.
  • CLERK OF THE COURSE
  • The person responsible for ensuring that the circuit is properly prepared for the race and that all the marshals are at their posts.
  • DORNA WorldSBK Organization
  • Since from 2013, the Company that organise and promote the Motul FIM Superbike World Championship.
  • ENTRY
  • Registration for a race. An "Entry List" is published before each race and lists all the riders who have registered to take part, together with the names of their teams, and the type of motorcycle they will be riding.
  • FIM or F.I.M.
  • Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (International Motorcycling Federation), the coordinating body for international motorcycle racing.
  • FIM STEWARD
  • The persons responsible for enforcing the Rules, and for reporting infringements to the Race Direction.
  • FREE PRACTICE
  • Practice sessions in which lap times do not count towards determining starting grid positions.
  • INTERNATIONAL JURY
  • A jury made up of a President and two Members appointed by the FIM, plus other delegates (the Delegate appointed by DWO, the Race Director, the Technical Director, the Medical Director, the Clerk of the Course, the FIM Safety Officer),responsible for ensuring that the race is run according to the Rules, and for reporting any infringements to the Race Direction. The jury decides issues by voting, with each member having one vote.
  • JUMP-START
  • Occurs when a rider starts before the starting lights change. Incurs a penalty.
  • LAP CHART
  • The document drawn up by the timing personnel at the end of the race, showing the positions of each rider at the end of each lap.
  • LIGHTS
  • Used to signal the start of the race. Lights are also installed at the exit from the pit lane to tell riders whether it is safe to re-enter the circuit or not.
  • MARSHALS
  • The persons responsible for signalling to the riders, by means of special flags, and also for assisting them if they come off the track.
  • OPEN PADDOCK
  • An event that is characteristic of the Motul FIM Superbike World Championship (and almost unique to it in top level motorcycle racing). On the Thursday before the race, spddtators are allowed free access to the paliock, where riders hold Q&A and autograph sessions, as well as taking part in extra-racing activities.
  • PADDOCK
  • The area behind the pits where the various teams park their motor homes and trucks.
  • PADDOCK SHOW ARENA
  • The area in the paddock dedicated to riders’ on-stage attendance, events and entertaining activities, from Thursday to Sunday, all open to the public, as per the typical proximity feeling that WorldSBK fans can experience with their heroes.
  • PIT LANE
  • The lane that runs alongside a part of the circuit and where the point from which the riders first take to the track is located. Teams occupy the pit lane garages on the internal side of this lane to work on their bikes.
  • PIT WALK
  • Entry to the pit lane. A privilege restricted to pass holders, who are permitted to visit the pit lane at times when the riders are not busy with practice or racing.
  • POLE POSITION
  • The first position on the starting grid.
  • PROTEST
  • The means by which a team can contest the result achieved by a rider from a rival team, generally on the basis of technical or sporting considerations.
  • QUALIFYING PRACTICE
  • Practice session in which lap times count towards determining starting grid positions. Riders are placed according to their fastest lap time. To participate in the race, riders must record one lap no more than 107% of the time recorded by the fastest rider in the same session.
  • RACE DIRECTION
  • The managerial body of a race, made up of one representative of the FIM, one representative of Dorna WorldSBK. It is the responsibility of Race Direction to penalise teams or riders if they infringe the rules; to penalise the race organisers if they fail to ensure proper and efficient organisation for the event; also to hear appeals against penalties imposed for infringements of the Rules.
  • RACE DIRECTOR
  • The person responsible for ensuring that the Rules are respected, and for ensuring that practice sessions and the race itself run smoothly.
  • RACING CLASSES
  • The Motul FIM Superbike World Championship is split up into various classes in order to encourage fierce competition between a selection of manufacturers and riders of various age groups. However, the overall concept has been the same since the inauguration of WorldSBK in 1988: competitors racing production-based machines that fans can easily relate to their road models.
  • WorldSBK
    WorldSBKs´ class leading category features production-based racing motorcycles. In comparison with standard road models, a World Superbike machine is allowed certain modifications: Engine management, exhaust system, suspension, brakes and a number of engine parts. The bike must weight a minimum of 168kg, with power ranging between 750cc and 1200cc, depending on the number of cylinders the engine contains. Since limited technical modifications were introduced for 2015, tuning bikes, is now subject to more limitations than in previous years.
  • WorldSSP
    The World Supersport class features mid-range machines. These bikes are smaller, lighter and less powerful than their World Superbike counterparts and fewer modifications are allowed. Engine power ranges from 400cc to 750cc, depending on the number of cylinders. The WorldSSP class produces some amazing on-track battles and is vitally important to manufacturers too.
  • STK 1000
    The Superstock 1000 class features bikes engineered with nearly 100% stock components as one would find on standard models, meaning they are as close as possible to everyday road bikes. The class is fiercely contested by ambitious, younger racers – with an age limit of 28 years. Only one type of grooved tyre is permitted and this same tyre can be bought for a road bike.
  • WorldSSP 300
    World Supersport 300 is a new feeder class which has been brought in for 2017. With a minimum rider age of 15, it will feature a range of lightweight sport bikes and is an easily accessible championship on the world stage. With a jam-packed grid, it will become another fiercely contested class. It will feature any motorcycle classed as an A2 machine on the road in Europe (excluding A1 class machines). All bikes are homologated by motorcycle racing governing body the FIM and are subject to modifications to weight and rev limits by the SBK Commission, in order to ensure the maximum possible parity.
  • RIDE THROUGH
  • An enforced ride through the pit lane at a reduced speed during a race. Used as a penalty for riders who infringe the rules. Riding through the pit lane at a reduced speed (60 km/h) greatly increases lap time compared to a normal track lap.
  • SIGHTING LAP
  • The lap that riders complete from the pit lane to the starting grid to get their position before the race start.
  • SINGLE TYRE SUPPLIER
  • Since 2004, the Motul FIM Superbike World Championship has been run with only one tyre supplier. This decision was made to achieve a dramatic drop in costs and guarantee a specific product development.
  • STARTING GRID
  • The grid on which riders have to line up to start the race. In all Motul FIM Superbike World Championship categories, the starting grid is made up of three riders per row. The riders on each row are arranged at intervals, with the fastest in front. Each row is separated by a gap of nine metres. Depending on the category, Positions on the starting grid are determined in qualifying practice or the Tissot-Superpole sessions; in the WorldSBK class positions for race one are determined by Superpole results, whereas in race two positions for the front three rows are determined on race one results, which is new for 2017.
  • TECHNICAL CHECKS
  • Checks performed on the bikes to ensure that they comply with Technical Rules.
  • TECHNICAL DIRECTOR
  • The person responsible for ensuring that all participants observe the Technical Rules; also supervises technical inspections and decides on technical protests.
  • TEST BAN
  • Test restriction period for both the Motul FIM Superbike World Championship and the FIM Supersport World Championship teams and riders from 22nd December until 4th January (both dates inclusive).
  • TISSOT-SUPERPOLE
  • The top 20 riders classified after the Free Practice 1 and 2 sessions will take part in Tissot-Superpole. The ten fastest riders will be seeded directly into Superpole 2 while the riders classified 11th to 20th will take part in Superpole 1. The fastest two riders in Superpole 1 will progress to Superpole 2, making a total of 12 riders competing for the first 12 grid positions. Both Superpole sessions will run for 15 minutes each and there is a break of 10 minutes in between Superpole 1 and Superpole 2.
  • WARM UP
  • The test session held in the morning of the race day to ensure that bikes are set up ready for the race itself.
  • WARM UP LAP
  • The lap that riders complete before returning to their positions on the starting grid ready for the actual start of the race.
  • WILD CARD
  • Rider permitted to take part in a specific championship race meeting. Each Event host Federation may nominate 4 wildcard entries for WorldSBK and WorldSSP and 2 entries for the STK1000 class. DWO can nominate further “one event” riders.